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Original Posting: New Political System for the Information Age Draft #05

In reponse to Violation of the principle of separation of powers - [Ian Green]
Email: Fri, 25 Jun 2004 00:50:02 +1000

Principle of separation of executive and legislative powers has given many people a false sense of security
Friday, 25 June 2004 12:00 Singapore

Ian Green said:

“I don't know if it is an improvement on the Singapore government, but your system has far too much power for the presidency. In many countries this would be described as violating the principle of separation of powers. …...”
You have raised a very good point here. Yes, the NPS has abandoned the principle of separation of executive and legislative powers as practised under the existing political systems in favour of an effective government. The President in the NPS has full powers to decree the necessary legislations in the ordinary business of government so that his programs for the benefits of the people and nation would not be frustrated by partisan interests or by corrupt or dishonest politicians:

Paragraph 3 and 4 under President:

“3. So in the NPS, the dumbfounded spectacle of a President’s necessary and critical programs for the urgent needs of the people and nation being distracted, delayed or hijacked by a partisan Congress more interested in political manoeuvring or gains, or by the de facto representatives of big business, powerful organizations or other vested interests would be a thing of the past.

4. So is a hung Parliament similarly infected with undemocratic vested interests in which a weak and impotent government with insufficient support in the legislature struggling in vain trying, often frustrated, to implement such a meaningful program. Or with unstable governments with each lasting for only a few months.”

So I submit it is not necessarily a bad thing to abandon this sacred principle of the existing political systems.

Now we have to consider the other extreme of having a bad President. In the NPS, a bad President could be removed from office at any time by either of the following constitutional processes:

  1. When not less than two-thirds of the Senators presenting and voting vote for his impeachment; or

  2. When a successful citizens’ initiative removes him from office.
Citizens' initiative is a form of Direct Democracy, and is expressed and organised differently from the one you have advocated.

Moreover, in the NPS, all legislations would be scrutinized by the Judiciary and the bad ones would be referred to the Senate for possible veto.

“….. The Senate may have to try to impeach every President, but with the executive and legislative powers in his hands, they may find themselves checkmated, unable to take action against him (or her) and the country may become a dictatorship! .”
It is good that you are ever vigilant against any possible dictatorship. In the NPS, the impeachment by the Senate and the removal from office of the President are constitutional processes that are beyond the reach of the President who could not interfere, let alone checkmate, such a process. This is done by putting the Constitution beyond the reach of the President. So in the NPS, the Constitution is the Will of the People and could only be amended by the people themselves through a referendum or citizens’ initiative. Like Direct Democracy (DD), the NPS places total faith in the sensibility and practicality of the electoral majority, and more than DD, the NPS also places paramount importance in voter education.

The principle of separation of executive and legislative powers as practised in the existing political systems and in which you have relied on to ward off dictatorship would fail when a single political party or alliance seizes control of both the Executive Office and the Legislature by means, fair or foul. And with sufficient majority to amend the Constitution as it pleases to remove the constitutional safeguards, the country would become a dictatorship by constitutional means. This has already happened in the world. And citizens have woken up to their horror that this principle of separation of powers has given them a false sense of security.

“By the way, the flowchart (image) did not show up, but all the rest of the page was there.”
I am so sorry for this. Yes, for some unknown reasons, I have also experienced problems in loading the flowchart for some time the day before yesterday.

The flowchart does give a good idea of the basic structure of the NPS. You may want to give it another try. Click here or if not working, here is the URL: http://lpc1998.com/forum/NPS/NPS_Drafts/Charts/NPS-basicstructure.html

If the webpage could not load properly, click the REFRESH button of your browser. I have found that this helps, when occasionally I encounter this problem.

You may also want to click here to have an overall view of what the NPS is about.

Thanks for your above views. Have a nice day!

Best Regards
lpc1998

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