Original Posting: New Political System for the Information Age Draft #05
In reponse to Re: Re(2): How is the Committee of Lay People appointed? - [Bernard Clayson]
Email: Mon, 12 Jul 2004 21:38:32 -0700
Re(3): How is the Committee of Lay People appointed?
Saturday, 17 July 2004 17:50 Singapore
“Yes, don't forget their function is not to decide anything, it is to present the publics comments in a formulated way for the people to decide.”
“How is the Committee of Lay People appointed?”
“It could be by volunteers, rota, or sortition.”
“The following terms have these meanings?:
"rota" = "a roster of names showing the order in which people should perform certain duties"
"sortition" = "making a chance decision by using lots (straws or pebbles etc.) that are thrown or drawn"
Are the members of the Committee of Lay People appointed from a pre-selected, -appointed or -elected group of citizens? Are only citizens eligible for appointment to this pre-selected group of people? Or are "foreign talents" eligible for appointment too?.”
“It would be the publics choice, there is, or should be, a registered electors list, they may try one system, then change to another, I'm not sure quite why they would need to use 'foreign talents' for a simple job of sorting through, and formulating public comments.”
Are you saying that the Committee of Lay People could be elected by the people or appointed, from a registered electors list?
If it is elected by the people, will there be an election every time a committee is to be elected?
If it is to be appointed, who appoint the members of the Committee and under what authority?
“How many members does the Committee have? How many members does the pre-selected group have?”
“The committee numbers would only need to be about 6, but that could be adjusted with experince of doing it.”
“Precisely, who appoint them and under what authority? .....”
“The public 'appoint' them, what higher authority is needed.”
“How do the public 'appoint' them? By direct election or by an elected committee or body? ”
“It would be the publics choice, there is, or should be, a registered electors list, they may try one system, then change to another,....”
“..... How many of these committees could be appointed at the same time for the same or different issue?
“In reality, one committee for each level should be adiquate, if more were needed additional people could be found.
I would not anticipate more than one issue being dealt with at any one time due to pushing public involvement too far, the duration of the committees work would not be too long (3-4 evenings at the most) depending on the number of comments/questions received.”
“Are you saying that when the issues are at the national level, you still think that:
- one committee should be adequate
- it is unlikely for more than one issue to be dealt with at any time
- the duration of the committee's work would, generally, not be longer than 3-4 evenings for an issue.”
"1. Yes, don't overlook the fact the whole system is a filtering mechanism, by the time it reached national level most of the comments would have already been raised and the national public would have seen them, the national committee would only have to add additional comments.”
"2. How many referendi are held each week in countries that use the I&R system.”
"3. Yes, see above.”
“I have taken a different line on this, democracy is government of the people, by the people, so the public have a committee that investigate public comments to present them as a 'for' and 'against' so the people can then judge on all opions. (more detail if you want it).”
“Yes, I would like to have more details before I comment on your idea here.”
- Enlist members of the public to serve on a committee to present proposals in a 'for' and 'against' format using:a. interested professional (or retired professional) people to act as specialist advisory panels to quantify elements of public proposals.
- present their findings to the public with;a. alternative solutions
b. suggestions on what controls need to be set, and;
c. set revision time limits on the proposed project
- open the discussion to public commentsa. comments 'for' and 'against' should be submitted on a separate papers
- Documents to be presented as:a. proposal detail
b. advantages and potential consequences
c. reassessment period
d. potential costs involved
- public to vote on final document/s.”
“Moreover, from the 5 terms of reference you have stated earlier on (see above), the average lay person would have difficulties to discharge their duties and like the some of jury, it would frequently end up with the 'interested professional' making his 'recommendations' and have them rubber-stamped by the rest of the committee.
“The committees would not make decisions, their function is to formulate public responces and quiries for the public to make the decision.”
“Is not formulating public responses and queries a form of decision making? Decisions have to be made on how the public responses and queries are to be presented to the people for voting, and the way and manner in which the responses and queries are presented to the people are potentially influential on the people's decision-making processes.”
“Is making a simple formulated list of good points and bad points beyond the average persons capabilities, unless they are blind, visually impaired, can't read etc.
If the public send in a comment as a 'good' point, it would make no sense to list is as an objection, ditto with a 'bad' comment.
If several comments came in making the same point, but with different wording, the people who made the comments could decide if they would accept a common wording or not.”
If the whole function of the Committee of the Lay People is that mechanical and simple, why then do not we make use of the information technology presently available to do the job? Can't the vast majority of the people make their choices of their responses or comments at a website?
“The function of the 'professional' people is to answer/advise on public inititiated questions, again, they can't decide anything.
Examples -1. How much will it cost?The professionals would know who/where to find comparable costings.”
2. What will it cost the ratepayer?
“Again, are not deciding on what answers and advice for the people a form of decision-making which is very influential on the public perception and voting on the issue in question?
Deciding on how much it costs and how much it will cost the taxpayers are very important decisions too that would have great bearing on the outcome of the people's voting.
The decisions on whom and where to find comparable costings are similarly very crucial decisions that would ultimately affect the people's perception of the issue and the way the people would vote.”
“Lets take a hypothetical question - We need a hospital - would a vote agreeing to that be the final say to building the New York General Hospital for a community of 10,000 people.
No, having established that they needed one, it would then have to be agreed on what was needed, get quotes etc. and find funding etc.
This process is no different to what happens in boardrooms every day, sometimes it takes months, or years before even starting building.
At the end of that process the public may say No.”
I have now some ideas about your Committee of Lay People. Would you elaborate on your reasons why you prefer the Committee of Lay People to the Election Commisson as proposed in New Political System for the Information Age Draft #05 (NPS) for organising the citizens' initiatives or referendums?
“They can only vote on the power of the constituencies opinion (unless they have delegated powers) even then those decisions are logged for the public to judge by, on top of that, every representative (right up to the Prime Minister) can be repremanded/withdrawn by the community that proposed him/her. Move locality and they have to start again (reminder of their origins).
Every individual in the system has a deputy i.e. continuous government.”
“Isn’t this precisely the problem? To remain in office or to be re-elected, the Prime Minister must serve his constituents ‘well’ with special benefits and privileges at the expense of the rest of the citizens. This is one crucial reason why Prime Ministers are often elected with large electoral majority.
A Prime Minister’s constituent is in the position to tell the civil servant handling his case that he wants satisfaction from the civil servant failing which he would see the Prime Minister on Monday (or whatever day it is) morning/evening at the meet-the–people-session. This would be scandalous in the NPS.”
“You are overlooking the hierarchy the PM has to climb through to get to that position, he/she has to be elected by his/her peers of that level in order to achieve the next level, and as it would be impossible to serve on all levels (from community, parish, district, county, region, government AND be PM), the obligation to serve on more than three is automatically removed ........... but the qualifying status remains.
Hence any attempt to favour ANY sector would automatically find disfavour with the other sectors, and the PM (and MP's) can only act on their constituents vote.”
“Are “his/her peers” fellow MPs or party members whose endorsement for election or political career depends on or benefits from the political party controlled by the PM and his political success? ”
“The 'peers' are the people at the same level, only they know the individuals well enough to decide who is capable of representing them at the higher level, and please note, there are no 'parties' as such in the system.
Each individual is a community chosen person, not a party chosen person, each one has to answer to, and is held reponsible to, the community that chose them.”
“Excellent! We have a very substantial agreement here. Your NPS also envisages a ‘no party’ system.
However, I still remain unconvinced on one important point. The PM would, in some ways, have to favour or give preferential treatment to the community that ‘choses’ or elect him for the office over the rest of the citizens, if he wants to remain in office or to be re-elected as contrasted to a nationally, directly elected President who would not have such a problem.”
“The PM is 'chosen' all the way up the hierachy, if the PM did try to benefit his community in any way he would dis-enfranchise the support of other members all the way up the ladder, I think that would guarantee more troulble than the effort would gain in the process.”
“However, this still cannot sufficiently mitigate the fact that in your system the PM can be repremanded/withdrawn by the community that proposed him. What is the use of having the support of his peers or anyone else in the hierachy, if his basic community withdraws its support from him. He would still lose his seat in Parliament and his PM office.
Yes, it is true, in such a situation, he would end up 'bribing' many people other than his basic community. So there is a pressing need for him to garner through his government lots of resources from the people in general. This is potentially a very unhealthy situation.”
“How could the PM 'bribe' anyone when allocations of anything have to be approved by the hierarchy below, that would imply he could bribe the whole country with everyones approval.”
It is a fact in the existing political systems that the constituents of the Prime Minister (PM) do enjoy certain privileges of which the rest of the citizens do not
“Can't see that happening with the people having to pay for it by increased taxes.”
Apparently, you have not come across, or been aware of, a government with a talent in squeezing money or other resources from the people. *grin* Anyway, 'bribing' here includes the use of non-monetary 'incentives'. So in the New Political System, this issue should be adequately addressed.
“The point of that 'repremand' etc is to establish the fact he/she CAN be pulled by the grass roots, I can't imagine what circumstances would encourage the grass roots to pull that chain when they had the prestege of the communities leader being the PM, but it is there if needed.”
I must strongly disagree with you on this point. You are proposing to give away too much power to a tiny unelected group of citizens over the PM. This is bad in principle and would be disastrous in practice.
The circumstances that would trigger such an undesirable sutiation are self-interest and the corruption of power. The only way to prevent it from happening is for the PM to keep this tiny group of citizens happy and satisfied at the expense of the people in general. Of course, it is politically prudent to do this on the quite.
“Currently, no one can pull the PM's chain, even when it is proved he deliberately lied to take the country to war.”
Why does the PM still enjoy the 'confidence' of the majority of MPs? It is because of the Party Whip and the self-interests of the MPs who have somehow 'forgotten' to represent the people who have elected them to the Parliament.
In the NPS, the independent Senate would have long before this removed him from the PM's office failing which some gravely concerned citizens would have proposed a citizens' initiative to remove him from office. It is as simple as that in the NPS. No amount of lying, cheating, manipulation or threat could have saved the PM from the judgement of his own people.
“My suggestion is the community choses the best person, the 'community' is extended each time they are elevated up the hirearchy until the 'community' is the country in the case of the PM.
So who is he/she going to 'bribe' to keep the position of PM.”
“If this is the case, then we are substantially in full agreement on by whom the national leader is to be elected. In the your NPS, the PM is directly elected by all the people in the country, whom you prefer to call them as the PM's 'community', whereas, in the New Political System for the Information Age, the President is also directly elected by all the people called the 'people'. In essence what you call the PM, I call the President.”
“The only difference that I could see was the executive and judicial (legislative) powers, those functions should not be combined, and I am not too happy with the executive function either.
Power begets power, delegated functions needed to be carefully described before being given.”
Now you have raised the objection to the vesting of both the executive and legislative powers in the President. This is a very substantive issue. I shall discuss this issue with you in another email under an more appropriate heading.